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Pay attention to the appropriate temperature of the insulation is the primary condition for the success or failure of pheasants. Because the chicks are small when hatched, the fluff is short, the body temperature regulation function is not perfect, the cold resistance is poor, and it is easy to catch cold and diarrhea, affecting the growth and development or causing death. Therefore, we must do a good job of insulation. In the first few days, the temperature in the brooding room is higher, generally maintained at 32Â°C-33Â°C; with the growth and development, the temperature can gradually decrease, usually falling 2Â°C-3Â°C per week, and after 4 weeks of age, it needs to maintain 23 Â°C can be about.
Keep dry The chicks like to dry, afraid of moisture. Generally 1-7 days old chicks require a relative humidity of 60%-70%; after one week, the relative humidity can be maintained at 50%-60%. Humidity in the room is too high, and dry mat grass can be changed frequently. If the humidity is too low, a kettle can be placed on the stove to boil water to create steam humidification.
Reasonable and reasonable light illumination can strengthen the chicken's blood circulation, speed up metabolism, increase appetite, help digestion, contribute to calcium and phosphorus metabolism, promote the development of chick bones, and improve the body's immune function. Normal chicks can take 24 hours of light at 1-2 days of age, but the lights should not be too bright, as long as the chicken can see the food. At the age of 3-4 days, except for feeding light at night, it is generally not turned on during the day to facilitate the rest of chicks. After 15 days of age, if the weather is warm, sunlight can be increased to kill bacteria and prevent disease.
Density suitable According to relevant data, the breeding density has a direct relationship with the hygienic conditions of the indoor air in the brooding room and the generation of aphids in the flock. The density of chickens is too high. The air in the brood room is turbid, the carbon dioxide content increases, the odor is strong, the sanitary conditions are poor, the diseases are easy to be infected, the chicks eat too much food, grab the water to catch food, and the hunger is uneven, which affects the growth and development. The density of the flock is too small, the utilization of premises and equipment is reduced, the cost of brooding is increased, and the raising efficiency is affected. Suitable breeding density for chicks, usually 1-2 weeks old, can be bred for about 30 eggs per square meter; thereafter, as the age increases, 5 eggs can be decremented each week; when it is 7-8 weeks old, it can be reared every square meter. 8-10 only.
After feeding the chicks for 24 hours, they can be fed with food. However, they should be fed with drinking water before they are eaten. Generally, two-tenths of a potassium permanganate solution (slightly reddish) is used to allow chicks to drink freely. Clean the stomach; in the next few days, add 5% brown sugar or glucose to the water to facilitate chicks' absorption of egg yolk. When the feeding is started, the millet or corn may be crushed and an appropriate amount of yolk steamed (or partially cooked) may be sprinkled on a plastic sheet or white paper, allowing the chick to learn to feed. Chicks within 15 days of hatching should be fed 5-6 times a day, 4 times during the day, 1-2 times in the evening, and gradually transition to 4 times after 15 days of age. Each feed should not be too much, so do less to add. At the same time, we must continue to provide clean drinking water. The water can be properly added with vitamins and antibiotics. During the feeding process, special attention should be paid to the dietary changes of the chicks. Drinking too much or too little water is a precursor to the disease.
Doing a good job of epidemic prevention The common diseases of young chickens are white psoriasis, coccidiosis and chicken Newcastle disease. At the 3rd day of age, feed 2 days of Trimethoprim (2 tablets plus 1 kg of water), or add 0.3% to 0.5% of sulfa drugs to the diet to prevent ferret disease. 7-10 days old with normal saline (or cold water) diluted 10-20 times Newcastle disease II vaccine chickens to the nose, each 1-2 drops, to prevent Newcastle disease. After 20 days of age, each 200 chickens were fed with 400,000 units of penicillin and fed for 3 days to prevent coccidiosis and chickens from failing. After 45 days of age, each chicken was injected with 0.4 ml of a 100-fold diluted Newcastle disease vaccine. In addition, the chicken house should be clean and sanitary, utensils should be cleaned every day, and disinfected regularly. The entrance and exit of the hen house must be equipped with a lime pool or a disinfection pool so that outsiders can not enter the house. At the same time, we must also pay attention to doing a good job of rat-proofing, pest control, fly prevention, fire prevention, and theft prevention.
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